Anthony Raymond A. Goquingco
Far Eastern University, Makati, Metro Manila,
The endorsement by the Human Rights Council of the General Assembly of the United Nations of the United Nations’ Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGP) signaled a shift in how human rights are viewed under international law. This entry briefly discusses the international legal system and how the UNGP fits into that legal system. Furthermore, the entry also examines the theory behind the UNGP, the Protect, Respect, and Remedy (PRR) Regime. Particularly, the entry takes a look at the obligation of a state to protect human rights and provide adequate remedies for victims of human rights abuses, particularly those committed by private business enterprises.
The entry also tackles the duty of private business enterprises to respect human rights standards. In examining the UNGP and its foundational framework, the entry looks at the strengths and weaknesses of the UNGP framework, particularly the fact that the UNGP uses a system of obligations derived from international law that are imposed on states and a duty to respect human rights that is imposed on private business enterprises. Lastly, it identifies possible areas for future research.
Source: Goquingco, A.R.A. (2023). UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. In: Idowu, S., Schmidpeter, R., Capaldi, N., Zu, L., Del Baldo, M., Abreu, R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_1179-1